What is the AfE InCAS assessment?

AfE InCAS is an innovative, computer-adaptive assessment designed to help teachers in Scotland understand each individual child’s development and inform personalised learning. AfE InCAS also enables schools and Education Authorities to monitor progress from end of P2 to P7 in key developmental areas which research shows are linked to later academic outcomes.

The assessment is computer-based and taken individually by each pupil. As the assessment is adaptive, each pupil sees a unique assessment and is challenged at a level that is suitable for them, making the assessment enjoyable, age-appropriate, engaging and time-efficient.

What’s unique about CEM assessments?

CEM’s assessments are all adaptive. This means that questions are tailored to the individual pupil, so the assessment is not too difficult or too easy. Each child is presented with a personalised assessment that is suited to them, and can be carried out in an engaging and time-efficient way.

How does the AfE InCAS assessment work?

AfE InCAS is a flexible assessment for measuring progress through primary. You can choose to do the assessment once at the start of P2 and then at end of P7; once each year between P2 and P7; or during any combination of selected years to suit your assessment practice.

The AfE InCAS assessment is computer-based and taken individually by each pupil at a computer, so it can be administered to a whole class at once. The assessment guides the child through the questions, with easy-to-follow instructions, and a fun and engaging interface.

It is made up of six distinct modules, each taking approximately 20 minutes to complete, so you can choose which parts of the assessment are appropriate at a given time.

The assessment comprises six distinct modules, with an emphasis on literacy and numeracy:

  • Reading – including word recognition; word decoding; and comprehension
  • Spelling
  • Mathematics – including counting; place value; fractions; measures, shape and space; and data handling
  • Mental arithmetic – including addition; subtraction; multiplication; and division
  • Developing ability – measures a pupil’s potential for learning, determined by a combination of language acquisition and non-verbal ability
  • Attitudes – a pupil’s attitude towards reading, maths and school.

Pupil responses are returned directly to CEM for analysis, so there is no need for data entry or teacher marking. You receive your feedback reports within 48 hours of completing the assessment.

What can the AfE InCAS assessment tell me?

The AfE InCAS assessment allows teachers to evaluate the performance of pupils within the national context, providing comparison to UK national averages. The assessment also enables you to identify unusual profiles, where an individual child may be more able, or where further investigation or interventions may be required to support learning.

The assessment also provides schools and Education Authorities in Scotland with a range of robust performance data, across cohorts and across time, to inform improvement planning and target-setting.

AfE InCAS feedback and reporting includes:

  • Nationally standardised and age-equivalent scores for each pupil, so you can compare to UK national averages.
  • Score comparison charts showing the range of scores within a class, year group or across the school as a whole.
  • Progress charts and Longitude charts show progress at a pupil, class and cohort level across time.

Example feedback for the AfE InCAS assessment:

Age standardised scores

Age standardised scores offer an insight into pupil performance in the context of a nationally representative sample, in each section of the assessment.

Scores charts

Scores charts let you see the full profile of each child. The cognitive profile charts allow you to compare the age equivalent scores for an individual child across each section of the assessment.

Pupil progress charts

Pupil progress charts show a summary of individual pupil’s scores and progress over multiple years.

Comparison charts

Comparison charts can show the range of scores across a class or cohort, and can be viewed over time.

How can I purchase the AfE InCAS assessment?

Individual schools in Scotland can sign up via the Costs and Registration Forms Page.

If you are an Education Authority in Scotland and would like to sign up a group of schools, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. / +44 (0) 191 334 4223 to discuss requirements.

You might also be interested in AfE PIPS P1 baseline assessment, CEM’s assessment for identifying development on entry to P1 and measuring progress over the first year of school life.

Or AfE S1/S2 MiDYIS, or AfE S2 SOSCA.


BASE Reception Baseline Assessment

Get in touch for a chat and a short demonstration of our assessments.

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